The unfolding story of Jakarta’s planned introduction of congestion charging (called ERP - Electronic Road Pricing, just like Singapore) looks like being one of the largest deployments of urban road pricing for some time. It certainly will be the most “easterly” example and the first in the southern hemisphere. It is encouraging that it looks like learning a lot from the nearby example in Singapore. More could look at that example, although its success is also paralleled by a culture and state that is both law abiding and very efficient. Not something that is necessarily easily translated elsewhere.
I have written before on this, so please look at these articles as well for further background:
The Jakarta provincial government website has now reported that the Jakarta Head Dept. of Transportation Udar Pristono said his side proposed tariff Rp 6,579 (US$0.77) to Rp 21,072 (US$2.45). The tariff is based on vehicle operating cost savings, replacing the current mandatory HOV requirement of 3 occupants per vehicles at peak times, the price of the inner city toll road and pricing in other countries. The system will apparently use either a form of DSRC (with three gantries, modeled on the Singapore prepaid smartcard approach) or ANPR (with two gantries).
The site describes the locations as follows:
First stage will be implemented in Blok M-Stasiun Kota, Gatot Subroto (Kuningan-Senayan), Rasuna Said-Tendean, Tendean-Blok M, Asia Afrika-Pejompongan. Tariff to be proposed is Rp 12,500 (US$1.45).
|Personal depiction of first stage of Jakarta's Electronic Road Pricing|
Area 2 are Dukuhatas-Manggarai-Matraman-Gunungsahari dan Jatinegara-Kampungmelayu-Casablanca-Satrio-Tanahabang,
and area 3 are Grogol-Roxy-Harmoni, Tomang-Harmoni-Pasar Baru, Cempakaputih-Senen-Gambir, Cawang-Pluit-Tanjungpriok, Cawang-Tanjungpriok, Sunter-Kemayoran.
I have cobbled together rough maps of what the first stage appears to mean, and what the entire rollout may look like. Bear in mind this is simply drawing lines on roads, and that it is far from clear whether the project will be simply charging the roads concerned or also include some form of cordon/area charge. Please do not rely on this as being accurate, as all I have done is match the place names to the main roads, but it does give you an idea of the scale of the plans.
|Depiction of full extent of Jakarta Electronic Road Pricing (yellow and red being Phases 2 and 3|
It's worth noting that the bigger underlying controversy is who gets the money. The Jakarta Province wants to receive all the money, but the central government also does. Until that is resolved, progress is unlikely to be complete!