As part of climate change policy the Danish Government announced in December 2020 that it is introducing distance-based road user charging (RUC) for heavy goods vehicles (press release in Danish). In Europe this is typically referred to as "truck tolling" although it is distance based charging and is applied across a wide network, not point based charging on a specific road (which is the traditional definition of tolls). This is part of a national policy goal to reduce emissions by 70% by 2030.
The intention is to introduce the new system from 1 January 2025, which will replace Denmark's participation in the Eurovignette (time-based) RUC scheme. The objective of the new RUC scheme is to improve incentives to change the heavy vehicle fleet towards lower emission vehicle, but will be designed to reflect:
- Infrastructure, road wear costs;
- Noxious emissions;
- Climate change impacts; and
- Political clearance by mid 2021
- Establishment of project and organisation by mid 2021
- Legislation for implementation introduced mid 2021, passed mid 2022
- Procurement and delivery of solution from mid 2021 through to early 2024
- Negotiations with service providers early 2022- late 2024
- Preparation and operation of testing and commissioning early 2023 - early 2025
- Reducing demand for road freight;
- Productivity improvements in the road freight sector that are expected to parallel the move
- Modal shift (although this is questionable).