|Initial Danish heavy vehicle charge network|
From 2025 Denmark will be the 12th jurisdiction in Europe to have some form of distance-based road user charging (RUC) (or tolls) for heavy vehicles. Some may argue about the definition (as two of these are essentially network tolls using tolling technology) but the others are Iceland, Switzerland, Germany, Austria, Czechia, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Belgium, Bulgaria and Russia.
Key elements of the new scheme, called the "Kilometer-based toll":
- On 1 January 2025 all heavy vehicles with a Gross Vehicle Weight of 12 tonnes or above will have to pay per-kilometre road user charges based on the vehicle's weight and emissions rating. This will apply on the national road network and other main roads, including public roads in "environmental zones". This is a network of around 7,300 km (around 9.7% of public roads, but the roads that carry most of the freight traffic).
- On 1 January 2027 the charge will be extended to all heavy vehicles of 3.5-12 tonnes Gross Vehicle Weight as well.
- On 1 January 2028 the charge will apply to all public roads in Denmark (a network of around 75,000km).
- On 1 January 2025 Denmark will withdraw from the Eurovignette scheme, which applies to trucks 12 tonnes and above, and requires trucks to prepay a set number of days they are driving on the national road network (trucks can buy an annual Eurovignette).
Average charges will be DKK1.2 per km in 2030 (US$0.17 per km).
The policy focus is on reducing CO2 emissions. It will apply to all trucks with a gross vehicle weight of 12 tonnes or more. It will be expanded to heavy vehicles of 3.5 tonnes and above from 1 January 2027.
It is being introduced alongside multiple complementary measures:
- Rules on weights and dimensions for trucks on Danish roads are to be eased, enabling larger and heavier trucks to operate
- Improvements to rail freight in Denmark including a loans scheme for rail freight operators.
- National armed forces and emergency services vehicles;
- Vehicles adapted and used exclusively for fire and rescue;
- Police vehicles; and
- Vehicles belonging to the "road services" (believed to be maintenance/operations)
- Brobizz (Denmark)
- SkyttelPASS A/S (Norway)
- Telepass S.p.A. (Italy)
- tolltickets GmbH (Germany)
- Toll4Europe GmbH (Germany)
- ØresundPAY (Sweden)
- A fixed percentage of the revenue collected (1.5% for the calendar year 2025 and 2% for the subsequent year)
- A fee based on the number of active OBEs (On Board Equipment). An active OBE is an OBE that has been provided by the EETS Provider and installed in a vehicle registered with the EETS Provider, and for which circulation on the tolled road network has been detected at least once for the respective calendar month. (DKK60 per month (US$8.66) for the calendar year 2025, down to DKK15 per month the following year (US$2.17).
|Number of trucks registered in Denmark in 2021|
|Distance driven on Danish roads by heavy vehicles|
|Denmark heavy vehicle RUC charge table|
|Eurovignette in DKK|